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Species: Dactyloscopus foraminosus, Reticulate Stargazer

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eyestalk short
D X, 31, continuous/ 1-3 free spines at front
back blotched & barred
upper side: 10+ bars
rear nostril a pore next to tubular front nostril
A 33-34 rays

Dactyloscopus foraminosus Dawson, 1982

Reticulate Stargazer

Body compressed, tapering to tail; head large, flattened above, rounded and narrow at front; eyes on top of head, distinctly stalked, but stalks short (<eye diameter), with a spot at tip; mouth upturned, with a protruding lower jaw, top jaw reaching past eye; rear nostril a single pore near base of tubular front nostril; operculum and both lips with skin flaps; 1st preopercular canal branched, with multiple pores on branches; canal pores on preoperculum 21-90; dorsal fin origin on nape, before level of upper corner of operculum, continuous or with I-III free spines at front, X (X-XI) spines, 31 (29-32) rays; segmented anal rays 33 (33-34); pelvic fins inserted under throat, each with I, 3, rays thickened and free at the tips; typically a notch under lower edge of tail fin base; scales large, smooth; lateral line bends down under last dorsal spine, usually 16 pored scales on that part, total of 45-47 scales; 3 rows of scales between lateral line and 1st two dorsal spines, 1 row under rest of spines.

Light tan; top of head and back blotched and irregularly barred with brown; upper body with 10 or more irregular brown bars between nape and tail fin base; eye blackish; pigmented inside mouth.

Reaches 8 cm.

Lives buried in sand bottoms and in seagrass beds

Depth range: 1-79 m.

Florida, Venezuela and Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Brooded
  • Data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 8
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 79