Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

Español  Contact

Species: Astroscopus ygraecum, Southern Stargazer

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

Y bone on nape long, narrow
head and back: white spots small, dense, uniform in size
C: central dark stripe usually not extending onto tail base

Astroscopus ygraecum (Cuvier, 1829)

Southern Stargazer

Body robust; head large, broad, flattened above, partly covered with skin and bony plates, but without spines; Y shaped process on top of nape long & narrow; eyes small, on top of head; a pair of electric organs under 2 triangular to square scaleless areas behind eyes; rear end of rear nostril groove much closer to eye than to rear end of skin over electric organs; front nostril round, before eye; rear nostril extended as a crescent shaped groove behind eye; both nostrils with fringed margins; mouth large, vertical, fringed; spine behind upper corner of operculum blunt and skin covered, not obvious; 2 close-together dorsal fins, III-IV sharp spines; + I, 13-15; anal rays 0, 12-14; body covered with scales; scales in midlateral series about 80.

Greyish brown; upper half of head and back with numerous small, uniformly sized white spots; soft dorsal fin with 2-3 oblique dark bars or a dark edge; tail fin white, with 1-3 dark stripes, central stripe usually not extending forwards onto tail fin base.

Size: grows to at least 44 cm.

Inhabits sandy bottoms.

Depth range: 2-100 m.

North Carolina to Brazil.

High Resolution Map Download

Species Data Create Report Export as Word File Export as Excel File
  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Estuary
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 44
Depth Range Min
  • 2
Depth Range Max
  • 100