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Species: Scarus taeniopterus, Princess Parrotfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

IP brown + 2 white stripes, snout brown, C - top & bottom edges dark
TP: C - top & bottom edges pink, chest blue, D - blue + center pink; yellow stripe above pectoral
juv: like IP

Scarus taeniopterus Desmarest, 1831

Princess Parrotfish

Body elongate, somewhat compressed; teeth fused into a beak with two broad joined plates on each jaw, outer surface of plates smooth, not covered by lips; top jaw overlaps lower jaw at front; 1-2 canines on rear side of top jaw; large crushing plates of molar teeth form “pharyngeal mill” in throat; gill rakers 40-52; dorsal fin IX, 10, no notch between spines and rays; anal fin III, 9; pectoral II, 11-12 (1st spine very short); tail fin bluntly rounded; scales large, smooth, 3 rows on cheek, 5-7 scales in top row, lowest row of 2 scales; 7-8 scales on center of nape before dorsal fin; lateral line in 2 sections.

Juvenile: pale + 3 dark brown stripes, top and bottom edges of tail fin dark. Initial phase: upper body and tail base brown, with 3 white stripes, along top midline and above and below eye; lower part pale grey to whitish; snout not yellowish; tail with upper and lower edges dark brown. Terminal phase: body bluey; body scales with pink bars, a short yellow stripe along side of body above pectoral fin; head blue grey above, blue below; a green stripe from snout, through lower edge of eye to rear corner of operculum; another through top edge of eye back along operculum; dorsal and anal fins with green bases, pink centers and blue outer edges; tail fin blue, with pink top and bottom edges.

Reaches 30 cm.

On reefs.

Depth range: 1-107 m.

Bermuda to the S Caribbean.

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  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Rocks
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Estuary
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Herbivore
  • Data
  • Benthic macroalgae/seagrasses
  • Benthic microalgae
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 107