Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Halichoeres bathyphilus, Greenband Wrasse

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

IP- pink; yellow stripe head to C base, C base & shoulder- black spot
TP - grey green, yellow below; black blotch on sho

Halichoeres bathyphilus (Beebe & Tee-Van, 1932)

Greenband Wrasse

Elongate, compressed; mouth protrusible, opens at front, thick lips; rear of top jawbone not visible on cheek; toothed grinding plates in throat; enlarged canine teeth at front of both jaws (1 pair above, 2 pairs below), a canine at rear of top jaws; gill membranes fused under throat; dorsal fin IX,10, not obviously notched between spiny and soft parts; anal fin III, 12; lateral line unbroken, but abruptly bent down under rear of dorsal fin, its tubes branched, except those on tail base; lateral line with 26-29 pored scales.

Initial phase: upper 2/3 of body pink, white below; a black spot on midflank under the ~4th dorsal spine; a yellow stripe from snout through eye to tail base, ending in a black spot just before tail fin; a second yellow stripe along belly and lower tail base; dorsal, tail and anal fins yellowish. Terminal phase: Grey-green above, yellow-white below; lips pinkish, side of head below eye bluish; a large black blotch on upper side under dorsal spines III-V; sometimes a blackish stripe from snout through eye to tail base; a black stripe on back along base of dorsal fin; dorsal and anal fins with a yellow stripe along its base, outer 1/3 of fin yellowish; tail fin with oblique pink and yellow stripes that join in center of fin.

Reaches 23 cm.

Lives in deep reef habitats.

Depth range: 18-275 m, rare shallower than 50 m.

N Carolina to the S Caribbean.

Note: Its Brazilian sister species is H. sazimai.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 23
Depth Range Min
  • 18
Depth Range Max
  • 275