Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Decodon puellaris, Red Hogfish, Red Hogfish Wrasse

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

red; 3 yellow stripes: top lip, cheek, behind eye
body, D & A: rows yellow spots
juv: red, ocellus center D, black spot top C base



Decodon puellaris (Poey, 1860)

Red Hogfish, Red Hogfish Wrasse

Moderately elongate, compressed; mouth protrusible, opens at front, thick lips; rear of top jawbone not visible on cheek; toothed grinding plates in throat; a pair of canines at front of top and bottom jaws, a canine tooth at rear of top jaw; gill rakers 15-19; gill membranes fused under throat; dorsal fin XI, 9-10, not obviously notched between spiny and soft parts; anal fin III, 10; lateral line unbroken, smoothly arched; scales large, 27-29 on lateral line; scales extend forward on head before eyes; preopercle completely scaled; bases of dorsal and anal fins without scales.

Red above, white below; 3 yellow stripes on head – 1 along top lip; 1 from eye to lower corner of operculum, 1 from snout, through eye to top corner of operculum; body scales with lines of yellow spots; rows of yellow spots along the bases of the dorsal and anal fins; tail fin with upper and lower edges yellow; juvenile: red; a large black ocellus on middle of last dorsal spines; a small black spot on the top of the tail fin base.

Reaches 30 cm.

Deep reefs.

Depth range: 18-275 m.

Bermuda to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Sand & gravel
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 18
Depth Range Max
  • 275