Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Stegastes pictus, Yellow-tipped damselfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

elongate, plump
black; pectoral + upper 1/2 C yellow
juv: black+ C, tail base & soft D yellow

Stegastes pictus (Castelnau, 1855)

Yellow-tipped damselfish

Body moderately elongate, robust, compressed; 1 pair of nostrils; margin of preopercle serrated; margin of bone under eye serrated, without notch between it and the bone before it; mouth small, protrusible, opens at front; teeth in single row, long and close-set incisors; 18-21 gill rakers; a single continuous dorsal fin, XII, 15-16; anal fin II, 14-15; dorsal and anal fins extend past tail base, with angular lobes; pectoral rays 18-20; no projecting short spines at upper and lower base of tail fin; caudal fin bluntly forked, lobes with blunt points; scales are moderately large and rough; body scaled, head largely scaled (snout scaled to nostrils), as are the basal parts of the median fins; lateral line incomplete, ends under end of dorsal fin base; lateral-line scales 19-20.

Adult: dark grey-brown; pectoral fin and upper half of tail fin yellow; a blue line along outer margins of pelvic and anal fins; base of pectoral black. Juvenile: similar to adult but yellow extends onto tail base and soft dorsal; an ocellus on base of last few dorsal spines.

Size: reaches 10 cm.

Depth: 5-85 m.

Brazil; the SE Caribbean.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Rocks
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef only
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Omnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Benthic microalgae
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Benthic
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • Also in Brazil
  • GC non-endemic
  • Extends South of GC
  • Continent
Residency
  • Vagrant
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Depth Range Max
  • 85
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Length Max
  • 10