Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Stegastes pictus, Yellow-tipped Damselfish

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elongate, plump
black; pectoral + upper 1/2 C yellow
juv: black+ C, tail base & soft D yellow

Stegastes pictus (Castelnau, 1855)

Yellow-tipped Damselfish

Body moderately elongate, robust, compressed; 1 pair of nostrils; margin of preopercle serrated; margin of bone under eye serrated, without notch between it and the bone before it; mouth small, protrusible, opens at front; teeth in single row, long and close-set incisors; 18-21 gill rakers; a single continuous dorsal fin, XII, 15-16; anal fin II, 14-15; dorsal and anal fins extend past tail base, with angular lobes; pectoral rays 18-20; no projecting short spines at upper and lower base of tail fin; caudal fin bluntly forked, lobes with blunt points; scales are moderately large and rough; body scaled, head largely scaled (snout scaled to nostrils), as are the basal parts of the median fins; lateral line incomplete, ends under end of dorsal fin base; lateral-line scales 19-20.

Adult: dark grey-brown; pectoral fin and upper half of tail fin yellow; a blue line along outer margins of pelvic and anal fins; base of pectoral black. Juvenile: similar to adult but yellow extends onto tail base and soft dorsal; an ocellus on base of last few dorsal spines.

Size: reaches 10 cm.

Depth: 5-158 m.

Lives on reefs.

Brazil; the SE Caribbean.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Omnivore
  • Data
  • Benthic microalgae
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Vagrant
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 10
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Depth Range Max
  • 158