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Species: Chromis jubauna, Brazilian Chromis

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

dark brown + tail base, C and soft D yellow
juv: upper body, D, tail base & C yellow, purplish brown/ dark blue below

Chromis jubauna Moura, 1995

Brazilian Chromis

Body compressed, a deep oval; 1 pair of nostrils; edge of bone under eye smooth, no notch, covered with scales; preopercle smooth or with occasional fine serrations; mouth small, protrusible, opens at front; teeth in 2 rows, outer conical, larger; a single continuous dorsal fin XIII, 11-12; anal fin II, 9-11; pectoral 18; upper and lower base of with 2-3 exposed short fin rays; tail fin forked, with rounded tips; body scaled, most of head scaled, basal parts of the median fins scaled; scales large and rough; lateral line incomplete, ends under end of dorsal fin base; lateral line scales 15-17.

Adult: Blackish brown, paler ventrally; tail base and fin and upper 3/4 of soft dorsal fin bright yellow; black anal and pelvic fins; tips of dorsal and anal spines blue; transparent or yellowish pectoral fin, with a dark spot at axil. Juvenile: upper head, body, and all of dorsal fin, tail base and tail fin yellow; purplish brown to dark blue below that.

Reaches 9.6 cm.

Rocky reefs.

Depth range: 1-71 m.

Brazil; the SE Caribbean.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Water column
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Vagrant
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 9.6
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 71