Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Mugil liza, Liza, Lebranche Mullet, Liza Mullet

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

body slender, depth at D origin 17-23%SL
D2 origin over front 1/4-1/3 of A
outer teeth 1 point, 1-6 inner rows 2 points
pectoral not reaching origin D1
A: III, 8
lateral scales 29-34
D2 & A: scales front base + 1 rear row

Mugil liza Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1836

Liza, Lebranche Mullet, Liza Mullet

Body relatively elongate, body depth at origin of dorsal fin 17-23% of SL; head wider than deep at level of end of operculum; top of head flat; fatty (adipose) tissue covering most of eye; mouth small, opens at front; lips thin, lower lip with a prominent central knob; top lip teeth tiny, outer row close-set, single-pointed, inner 1-6 rows with 2 points; two short, widely spaced dorsal fins, IV + l, 8; origin of 2nd dorsal behind origin of anal fin by 1/4-1/3 length of base of anal; anal fin III, 8, (II, i8 in juvenile) pectorals high on body, 1st ray hard, ii, 14-17, not reaching level of origin of first dorsal fin; scales in lateral series from top of pectoral base to tail fin base 29-34 (29-39); second dorsal and anal with small scales on front base, plus a single, sometimes incomplete rear row; no lateral line.

Dark bluish above, silvery below; several indistinct dark stripes along side.

Size: grows to 100 cm.

Habitat: in inshore marine waters plus estuaries, lagoons and occasionally in freshwater.

Depth: 0-125 m, typically inshore.

Bermuda to Brazil.

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  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Mid Water
  • Near Bottom
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Water column
  • Beach
  • Estuary
  • Freshwater
  • Mangrove
  • Mud
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Detritivore
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Detritus
  • Phytoplankton
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 100
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 125