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Species: Mugil curvidens, Dwarf Mullet

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

D2 I,I, 8
outer teeth: long, 1 point, recurved
pectoral not reaching D1
A: III, 8
lateral scales 34-37
D2 & A: entirely scaled

Mugil curvidens Valenciennes, 1836

Dwarf Mullet

Mugil curvidens Valenciennes, 1836

Dwarf mullet

Moderately deep, robust body, depth at origin of dorsal fin 25-29% of SL; head wide, flat on top; eyes mostly covered by a well developed transparent fatty eyelid; mouth a pointed arch when viewed from below, opens at front, lips thin; teeth very small; upper lip with an outer row of recurved, single-pointed teeth, and an inner row small, pointed teeth; lower lip with one row of single-pointed teeth smaller than those on top lip; lower gill rakers 32-48; two short, widely spaced dorsal fins, IV + l, i (unbranched),8 (branched) (ii,7 in juvenile), origin of 2nd dorsal fin just behind origin of anal fin; anal fin III, 8 (rarely 7), II,i,8 in some juveniles; pectorals high on body, 1st ray hard, i, 14-15 (rarely 16), fin not quite reaching level of origin of first dorsal fin, 20-23% of SL; pelvics inserted behind pectoral base; forked tail; scales moderate to large, rough on body of adults; scales in lateral series 35 (34-37), 11-13 in transverse series, 18 (rarely 17) around base of tail; second dorsal and anal fins with scales over almost entire fin in adults (lacking only at tips of fins); no lateral line.

Pale grey on back, silvery on sides, and white below; fins uncolored, except rear edge of tail fin blackish

Size: grows to 27 cm.

Habitat: inshore marine waters.

Depth: 0-20 m, usually nearshore.

West and central Atlantic; Venezuela, Bermuda, the Bahamas, St.Croix, St John, Brazil

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  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Mid Water
  • Near Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Water column
  • Beach
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Detritivore
  • Data
  • Detritus
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • Transatlantic (East+West Atlantic)
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Vagrant
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 27
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 20