Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Joturus pichardi, Bobo Mullet

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

top of head convex
no fatty eyelid
D 2 10
mouth under snout
A II, 11
soft D & A - covered with scales



Joturus pichardi Poey, 1860

Bobo Mullet

Body robust; head deeper than wide; upper surface of head convex between eyes; no fatty eyelid; mouth small, opens under projecting snout; lips thin, lower lip with a prominent median knob; jaw teeth small and rigidly set into jawbones, tooth patch on each lower jaw well separated; upper jaw with ~3 rows of multipointed teeth; 27-40 lower gill rakers; two short, widely spaced dorsal fins, IV + I, 10 (rarely 11); anal fin II, 11 (rarely 10) pectorals high on body, 1st ray hard, I, 15-18, reaching well past origin of first dorsal fin; scales in lateral series 42-46, 13-14 in transverse series, 20 around base of tail; second dorsal and anal fins covered with small scales in adults; no lateral line.

Silvery to grey green; lower head may be yellow; dorsal, anal and pelvic fins dark at base, with yellow-green margins; tail fin dark at base, covered with irregular black and yellow blotches. Juveniles: silvery white, with dark stripes on dorsal, anal and tail fins.

Size: grows to 61 cm.

Habitat: adults in freshwater but probably spawn in brackish lagoons or the sea.

Depth: 0-5 m.

S Gulf of Mexico to the SW Caribbean; the Greater Antilles.

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  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Estuary
  • Freshwater
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Omnivore
  • Data
  • Benthic microalgae
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 61
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 5