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Species: Mullus auratus, Red goatfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

D1 outer stripe thicker & darker
main side stripe brown
flank: 2-5 yellow stripes
snout steep
C - no strong bars

Mullus auratus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882

Red goatfish

Body moderately elongate, cylindrical; head profile steep, almost straight; space between eyes broad and flat; top jaw reaches under front edge of eye; with teeth on roof of mouth; no teeth in upper jaw; chin with a pair of large, long barbells that fold into a central groove on throat; no spine on opercle; first dorsal VIII (first spine very short), second dorsal I,8; pectoral 16-17;scales large, slightly rough, lateral line scales 34-37.

Reddish above, whitish below; body with a red-brown stripe from snout, through eye to the end of the tail base, plus 2-5 fainter yellow stripes; first dorsal with orange stripe at base, thicker & darker reddish brown stripe at tip; second dorsal with 4-5 narrow reddish stripes; tail reddish, lobes with indistinct crossbars.

Size: 27 cm.

Habitat: Found on mud or silty sand bottoms.

Depth: 10-110 m.

Nova Scotia to Guyana. Its Brazilian sister species is M. argentinae.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Extends South of GC
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends North of GC
  • Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • GC non-endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 27
Depth Range Min
  • 10
Depth Range Max
  • 110