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Species: Umbrina milliae, Miller drum

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

plain body, black under opercle
large eye
D 22-23
gill rakers 19-20
chin barbel - front pore
A 8

Umbrina milliae Miller, 1971

Miller drum

Body oblong, compressed; back high, arched at nape; head low, broad, conical; eye large; mouth ~ horizontal, small, under projecting snout; chin with 1 short, thick rigid barbel with a pore on the middle of its front surface, and 2 pairs of pores beside its base; snout with 5-7 front pores, 5 on side; teeth in bands on each jaw, outer row on top jaw larger; preopercle finely serrated; 19-20 short gill rakers; top corner of gill opening notched; dorsal fin with a deep notch, X + I, 22-23, spines slender, second dorsal long base; anal small, II, 8 rays, 2nd spine large, 3/4 length of 1st ray; tail bluntly rounded; scales rough on head and body, smooth on fins; bases of soft dorsal and anal fins with 1 row of scales along base, small scales on membranes of inner half of soft dorsal; 7-8 scales between dorsal fin origin and lateral line; the lateral line extends to the center of the end of the tail fin.

Body dark, no bars or stripes; inside operculum jet black; fins with broad black margins.

Size: 25 cm.

Habitat: sandy bottoms.

Depth: 85-260 m.

Honduras to Colombia.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • Continent
  • GC endemic
  • Caribbean endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 25
Depth Range Min
  • 85
Depth Range Max
  • 260