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Species: Protosciaena trewavasae, New Granada drum

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eye v large
black inside gill cover & mouth
D2 24-26
preopercle smooth/weakly serrated

Protosciaena trewavasae (Chao & Miller, 1975)

New Granada drum

Body elongate, compressed; very large eye; mouth large, slightly overhung by snout, ~horizontal; teeth simple, in bands, outer row on top jaw sharp and widely spaced; chin without barbels, with 5 pores; preopercle smooth to weakly serrated; top corner of gill opening notched; dorsal fin with deep notch between spiny and soft parts, XI spines, 24-26 soft rays; anal fin with short base, II, 7 rays, 2nd spine long and stout; pectoral fins long, reach above vent; tail with angular, sharp point; scales rough except smooth on snout and cheeks; soft dorsal with 2-3 rows of small scales along its base; the lateral line extends to the center of the end of the tail fin.

Silvery grey; back often with oblique stripes along scale rows; base of pectoral with a diffuse dark area; inside gill cover and roof of mouth jet black.

Reaches at least 21 cm.

Found over mud bottoms.

Depth range: 70-220 m.

Honduras to Venezuela.


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Salinity
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Caribbean endemic
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continent
  • Continental primarily
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Depth Range Min
  • 70
Depth Range Max
  • 220
Length Max
  • 21