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Species: Pareques umbrosus, the cubbyu

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dark body & fins; body many fine dark stripes
spiny D relatively low
juv: black oval on snout; pectorals colorless

Pareques umbrosus (Jordan & Eigenmann, 1889)

Cubbyu

Body oblong, deep, back strongly arched, head low; eye relatively large; snout overhangs horizontal mouth; top jaw notched, encloses lower; teeth in villiform band, those in outer row of lower jaw enlarged and canine-like; chin with 6 pores, no barbells; snout with 10 pores; gill rakers 15-18, short and slender; preopercle weakly serrated; top corner of gill opening notched; dorsal fin with long base, deep notch between spiny and soft parts, IX-X + I, 38-40, 1st dorsal a little higher than 2nd, longest spine not reaching 4th soft ray; anal fin II, 2nd spine slender, 7; tail fin rounded; scales rough on body, smooth on head; soft dorsal and anal fins with thick sheaths of scales; the lateral line extends to the center of the end of the tail fin.

Adult: dark grey body and fins, body with many thin black stripes. Juvenile: whitish with black stripes, a black bar on dorsal and pelvics; a vertically oval black ring on snout; pectorals colorless.

Maximum size to 20 cm.

Inhabits reefs and nearby sandy-mud bottoms.

Depth: 4-110 m.

Chesapeake Bay to Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Mud
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Rocks
  • Corals
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • GC non-endemic
  • Also in Brazil
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends North of GC
  • Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • Continental primarily
  • Continent
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 20
Depth Range Min
  • 4
Depth Range Max
  • 110