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Species: Pareques acuminatus, the Highhat

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

white + 3-5 broad stripes + narrow stripes in between
spiny D relatively high
juv: bar between eyes; 2 spots on snout, pectoral black

Pareques acuminatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Highhat

Body oblong, deep, back strongly arched, head low; snout overhangs horizontal mouth; top jaw notched, encloses lower; teeth in villiform band, those in outer row of lower jaw enlarged; chin with 5 pores, no barbels; snout with 10 pores; gill rakers 14-20, short and slender; preopercle weakly serrated; top corner of gill opening notched; dorsal fin with long base, deep notch between spiny and soft parts, VIII-X + I, 37-41, spiny part high but < head length, reaches 6th soft ray when pressed down; anal fin II, 2nd spine slender, 7-8; scales rough on body, smooth on head; soft dorsal and anal fins with thick sheaths of scales; the lateral line extends to the center of the end of the tail fin.

Adult with whitish body and fins; 3-5 broad black stripes plus narrow stripes in between those; spiny dorsal with a black bar, rear edge whitish. Juvenile with a mix of thick and thin black and white stripes on body, a bar across snout between eyes, 2 spots below that on snout, and black on the upper pectoral.

Maximum size to 25 cm.

Inhabits reefs during the day; sand and mud bottoms at night.

Depth: 3-113 m.

Virginia to Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Mud
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Rocks
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • GC non-endemic
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continent
  • Also in Brazil
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 25
Depth Range Min
  • 3
Depth Range Max
  • 113