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Species: Paralonchurus brasiliensis, Banded Croaker

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

elongate, rounded, humped
head low, mouth under snout
7-9 bars; dark blotch start LL
C angular point
barbels: chin - 3 pr, lower jaw - row 8-22
A: II (small)

Paralonchurus brasiliensis (Steindachner, 1875)

Banded Croaker

Body elongate, rounded; back narrow, humped; head low, broad, blunt; snout with 8 pores; eye small; mouth opens below snout, almost horizontal; teeth in villiform bands; chin with 5 pores, 3-4 pairs of barbells in tufts around central pore and 10-12 pairs along edges of lower jaws; top lip notched; gill rakers small; preopercle finely serrated; top corner of gill opening notched; dorsal rays X+I, 28-31; anal rays II,7-9, 1st spine very short, 2nd needle-like, <1/2 length of 1st soft ray; tail fin with blunt point that is below the centerline; scales rough, except on breast and under eyes; soft dorsal with 1-2 rows of scales on its base, extending onto membranes between rays to 1/2 height of fin; the lateral line extends to the center of the end of the tail fin.

Color silvery to yellowish, darker above; body with 7-9 dark bars extending onto lower side; a large dark blotch just behind upper corner of gill cover.

Size: attains 30 cm.

Inhabits muddy bottoms.

Depth: 1-50 m.

Honduras to Brazil.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Estuary
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 50