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Species: Micropogonias furnieri, Whitemouth Croaker

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back & sides: oblique wavy lines
D 26-27
D origin to LL 6-7 scales

Micropogonias furnieri (Desmarest, 1823)

Whitemouth Croaker

Elongate, oblong, moderately compressed; prominent, overhanging snout; mouth moderately large, slightly under snout; teeth villiform, outer row teeth slightly enlarged; chin with 5 pores, 3-5 inconspicuous pairs of barbels along inner side of lower jaws; snout with 10 pores, 5 at front, 5 on side; eye moderately large; gill rakers 21-25, short and slender; border of preopercle with strong teeth, 2-3 sharp spines at angle; top corner of gill opening notched; dorsal rays X+I, 26-27 (26-30), spiny dorsal relatively high, 3rd spine longest; anal rays II,7-8, 2nd spine robust, > half length of 1st anal ray; tail with angular point, both lobes slightly concave; pored lateral-line scales 48-52; 6-7 transverse scale rows between lateral line and origin of dorsal fin; the lateral line extends to the center of the end of the tail fin.

Color silvery with a pink hue; back and sides with wavy parallel oblique lines along scale rows of back and side; spiny dorsal edged in black; other fins pale yellow; dark inside gill cover.

Size: attains 90 cm.

Inhabits coastal waters, over mud bottoms; juveniles and young adults in estuaries.

Depth: 1-120 m.

The SW Gulf of Mexico, Cuba to Argentina.

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  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Estuary
  • Freshwater
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Pelagic jellyfish/ctenophores
  • Sessile molluscs
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continental primarily
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 90
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 120