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Species: Lonchurus lanceolatus, Longtail Croaker

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barbels: chin 2 slender, jaws none
gill rakers: 15-18 long, slender
pectoral reaches almost to C



Lonchurus lanceolatus (Bloch, 1788)

Longtail Croaker

Body elongate, moderately compressed; head long, low; eye small; snout ~conical, projecting beyond horizontal mouth; chin with 4 pores and a pair of eye-length barbels; preopercle edge smooth; 15-18 slender, long gill rakers; top corner of gill opening notched; dorsal X-XI spines, 37-39 rays; pectoral fin very long, with top rays filamentous, reach nearly to tail fin; anal fin with short base, II weak spines, 7-9 rays; tail fin long and asymmetrically pointed; scales smooth, none on dorsal fin; the lateral line extends to the center of the end of the tail fin.

Brownish to yellowish; pectoral fins jet black; inside gill cover dusky; bases of pelvics and anal fins yellowish.

Reaches 30 cm.

On mud bottoms of coastal areas, marine and brackish water.

Depth range: 1-30 m?

E Venezuela to NE Brazil.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Estuary
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continental primarily
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 30