Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Leiostomus xanthurus, Spot croaker, the Spot

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

oblong, humped
snout overhangs small, horizontal mouth
back - oblique stripes
start LL: dark blotch
preopercle smooth
A: 12-13

Leiostomus xanthurus Lacepede, 1802

Spot croaker, Spot

Body short, humped along back; head low; mouth small, slightly under snout, nearly horizontal, reaches to under middle of eye; teeth simple, in bands on jaws; chin without barbells, with 5 pores; snout with 5 edge pores, 5 more at front; 30-36  short, slender gill rakers; preopercle edge soft, smooth; top corner of gill opening notched; dorsal fin continuous, but with deep notch between spines and rays XI, 29-35; anal fin with short base, II, 12-13, second spine ½ length of first ray; tail fin slightly concave to straight; scales large and rough except smooth below eye and on underside of head; 1-2 rows of scales along base of soft dorsal fin; the lateral line extends to the center of the end of the tail fin.

Silvery grey, darker above; back with 11-15 oblique narrow bars; a prominent spot about size of iris behind upper corner of operculum; dorsal and tail fins dusky, other fins yellowish.

Reaches 36 cm.

Habitat: Sandy and muddy bottoms.

Depth range: 0-50 m.

Cape Cod to the Gulf of Mexico.

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  • Freshwater
  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Soft bottom only
  • Freshwater
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Estuary
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Detritivore
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Detritus
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • All species.
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • All species..
  • GC non-endemic
  • Continent only
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 36
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 50