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Species: Pareques iwamotoi, Blackbar drum, Gulf cubbyu

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

broad bar: across eyes
broad bar: D1 to pelvics + mid-flank thin stripe
spiny D relatively high
juv: like adult + bar on snout

Pareques iwamotoi Miller & Woods, 1988

Gulf cubbyu, Blackbar drum

Body oblong, deep, back strongly arched, head low; eye relatively large; snout overhangs horizontal mouth; top jaw notched, encloses lower; teeth in villiform band, those in outer row of lower jaw enlarged and canine-like; chin with 5 pores, no barbels; snout with 10 pores; gill rakers 17-19, short and slender; preopercle weakly serrated; top corner of gill opening notched; dorsal fin with long base, deep notch between spiny and soft parts, VIII-X + I, 37-41, spiny part high but < head length, reaches 6th soft ray when pressed down; anal fin II, 2nd spine slender, 7; tail fin rounded; scales rough on body, smooth on head; soft dorsal and anal fins with thick sheaths of scales; the lateral line extends to the center of the end of the tail fin.

Adult: grey; a broad dark bar between eyes; a broad dark bar from dorsal fin to pelvics; a narrow black stripe along the central flank to the tip of the tail; fins dark; Juvenile: body whitish; a thin black bar down center of snout;  a dark bar between eyes, another from tip of dorsal fin to tip of pelvic fin (rest of both fins are white); a black stripe along mid-flank to the tip of the tail.

Maximum size to 20 cm.

Inhabits deeper reefs.

Depth: 2.5-184 m, adults below 37 m.

N Carolina to Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Rocks
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Corals
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • Continent
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC non-endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 20
Depth Range Min
  • 2
Depth Range Max
  • 184