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Species: Ctenosciaena gracilicirrhus, Barbeled Drum, Barbelled Drum

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

head large & spongy, eye large
C punta roma
mouth oblique
chin: 1 thin flexible poreless barbel
preopercle weakly serrated, membranous
pectoral dark spot
A II, weak

Ctenosciaena gracilicirrhus (Metzelaar, 1919)

Barbelled Drum, Barbeled Drum

Body oblong, compressed; head large; eye large (1/3 head length); snout short, pointed, with 8 pores; mouth moderately large, opens slightly under snout, slightly oblique; chin with small central, thin, flexible, pore-less barbel, 2 pairs of pores beside barbel; 21-25 short, stout gill rakers; preopercle finely serrated, membranous; top corner of gill opening notched; dorsal fin with spiny part high, deep notch between 2 parts, XI, 21-24; anal fin with II weak spines, 7-8 rays; tail with a blunt angular point; scales large, rough on body, smooth on head, 50 on lateral line; the lateral line extends to the center of the end of the tail fin.

Silvery grey, darker above, whitish below; inside operculum black, appearing externally as a dark triangle; outer and inner base of pectoral with a dark blotch; fins pale to yellowish, upper 1/2 of spiny dorsal dusky.

Size: 21 cm.

Habitat: demersal on sandy and mud bottoms.

Depth: 10-130 m.

The southwest Gulf of Mexico to southern Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 21
Depth Range Min
  • 10
Depth Range Max
  • 130