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Species: Stenotomus caprinus, Longspine Porgy

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D spines: I&II v short, III-V long & filamentous

Stenotomus caprinus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882

Longspine Porgy

Body very deep, oval, compressed; head deep, upper profile steep, with a bump before eye; rear nostril a slit; preopercle border smooth; mouth small, opens at front; bone under front of eye overlaps rear bone of top jaw; front jaw teeth are strongly flattened incisors, narrow tips and with narrowing bases, close-set, in bands, 2 rows of molar teeth on sides of jaws; margin of preopercle smooth; dorsal fin XIII, 12, 1st 2 spines very short, 1st points forward, 3rd-5th spines very long, filamentous; anal fin III strong spines, 11 soft rays; pectoral very long, reaches past 3rd anal spine; tail forked; about 50 lateral line scales; cheeks and opercles scaly, but no scales on snout or between the eye and mouth.

Silvery, olivaceous on back; young with faint dark bars.

Reaches 30 cm.

Lives on mud bottoms.

Depth range: 5-185 m.

Delaware to the Gulf of Mexico.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • GC endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Depth Range Max
  • 185