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Species: Calamus pennatula, Pluma porgy

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head profile not v steep
blue rectangle behind eye
cheek yellow & blue lines
D spines shorter
pectoral base: blue stripe + orange spot
pectoral long

Calamus pennatula Guichenot, 1868

Pluma porgy

Body deep, compressed; head deep, upper head profile moderately steep ( upper profile 32-40 degrees); snout deep; rear nostril slit-like; mouth small, not reaching under front of eye; bone under front of eye overlaps rear bone of top jaw; both jaws with canines at front, top jaw with 1-2 pairs enlarged, 4th tooth on top jaw out-curved in large fish, molar teeth on sides of jaws (3 rows above, 2 below; preopercle border smooth; dorsal fin low, XIII,(spines relatively short, longest usually 12.2-14.9% SL, 12 rays; anal fin short, III short spines, 10 (10-11) soft rays; pectoral fin 14 (rarely 15) rays, fin long, reaches origin of anal fin; cheeks and opercles scaly, but no scales on snout or between the eye and mouth; lateral line scales 51-56.

Silvery, scales with a vertically elongate blue-green spot; a conspicuous rectangular blue blotch behind eye and across to edge of operculum; alternating blue and yellow horizontal lines under eye; a bright blue stripe and a small orange spot at top base of pectoral fin; corner of mouth pale yellow; front of throat pale salmon; fish may display diffuse bars on body.

Size: to 37 cm.

Habitat: reefs and adjacent sand bottoms and seagrass beds.

Depth: 5-85 m.

The Bahamas to Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Rocks
  • Corals
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Island (s)
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC non-endemic
  • Also in Brazil
  • Extends South of GC
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
CITES
  • Not listed
Depth Range Max
  • 85
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Length Max
  • 37