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Species: Calamus campechanus, Campeche porgy

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head deep, profile steep
under eye: blue & yellow lines
black blotch at start LL
no enlarged or curved canines
pectoral short

Calamus campechanus Randall & Caldwell, 1966

Campeche porgy

Body oval, compressed, deep; head deep, upper profile convex and steep (angle of 60-68 degrees to horizontal); rear nostril slit-like;  large mouth with thick lips, heavy lower jaw; bone under front of eye overlaps rear bone of top jaw; both jaws with similar sized canines at front, none enlarged and none curved outwards; 2 rows of molars at side of lower jaw, 3 rows on top jaw, top jaw without an irregular series inside and at front; preopercle border smooth; gill rakers 12 (10-12); dorsal fin low, XII-XIII,11-12; anal fin short, III short spines, 9-10 soft rays; pectoral 15 (14-16 rays), fin relatively short (28-33% SL, reaching half way between pelvic tip and anus); tail fin forked; cheeks and opercles scaly, but no scales on snout or between the eye and mouth; lateral line scales 45-49.

Overall silvery; under eye with alternating blue and yellow lines, the latter breaking into spots at front; 5 indistinct dark vertical bars on body, plus 2 more on tail base; a conspicuous black blotch larger than pupil on lateral line near gill opening.

Size: to 21 cm.

Habitat: sandy bottoms.

Depth: 10-18 m.

Campeche bank.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Gulf of Mexico endemic
  • GC endemic
  • Continent only
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Data deficient
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 21
Depth Range Min
  • 10
Depth Range Max
  • 18