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Species: Calamus calamus, Saucereye Porgy

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forehead profile steep
blue curved line under large eye
blue spot: pectoral base & corner opercle
front top jaws: 1-2 pairs larged canines, 3rd-4th tooth curved out
pectoral long

Calamus calamus (Valenciennes, 1830)

Saucereye Porgy

Body deep, compressed; head deep, snout steep, bump before eyes; eye large; rear nostril elongate to slit-like; mouth small, not reaching under eye, lips thin; bone under front of eye overlapsrear bone of top jaw; jaw teeth in 2 rows, conical and slender at front, both jaws with canines at front, 1-2 pairs enlarged on top jaw, 3rd-4th tooth from center out-curved, 2 rows of molariform teeth on side of lower jaw, 3 rows on top; preopercle border smooth; dorsal fin low, XIII, 12 rays; anal fin short, III short spines, 11 soft rays; pectoral fin 14 rays, fin relatively long, reaches past origin of anal fin; cheeks and opercles scaly, but no scales on snout or between the eye and mouth; lateral line scales 51-55.

Irridescent silvery; a bright blue curved line under eye; snout and forehead yellowish; unscaled parts of cheek blue with yellow spots that may fuse to form lines; lips and junction of gill covers under head yellowish to orangish; a small blue spot on base of pectoral fin, and another at top end of gill cover.

Size: to 56 cm.

Habitat: adults in coral areas and nearby sand areas, juveniles in seagrass.

Depth: 1-84 m.

North Carolina to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Rocks
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 56
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 84