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Species: Calamus bajonado, Jolthead Porgy

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long snout, forehead profile not steep
blue line under eye
corner mouth orange
front top jaws: 1-2 pairs large, straight canines
pectoral long

Calamus bajonado (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Jolthead Porgy

Body deep, compressed; head deep, long sloping snout; upper head profile not very steep (43-50 degrees to horizontal); rear nostril elongate to slit-like; large mouth with thick lips, heavy lower jaw; bone under front of eye overlaps rear bone of top jaw; jaw teeth in 2 rows, conical and slender at front,small molariform teeth on sides of jaws, 2 rows on both jaws, plus top jaw has an irregular series inside and at front, both jaws with canine teeth at front, 1-2 pairs on top jaw enlarged, but none curved outwards; preopercle border smooth; dorsal fin low, XIII,12 rays; anal fin short, III short spines, 10-11 soft rays; pectoral fin 15 (rarely14 or16) rays, fin relatively long, reaches past origin of anal fin; cheeks and opercles scaly, but no scales on snout or between the eye and mouth; lateral line scales 50-57.

Overall silvery; scales bluish; cheeks brassy; a blue line under eye; sides of snout with a silvery stripe; lips and throat purplish; corner of mouth and junction of gill covers under head orange; usually 2 silvery white stripes under eye and on cheek; juveniles: dark bars on body and tail.

Size: to 68 cm.

Habitat: vegetated sandy bottoms and coral bottoms.

Depth: 3-200 m.

The Northern US to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 68
Depth Range Min
  • 3
Depth Range Max
  • 200