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Species: Orthopristis scapularis, Corocoro grunt

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

head & body brown spots
D 14-16
A 10-11
9-12 scale rows above LL

Orthopristis scapularis Fowler, 1915

Corocoro grunt

Body elongate, elliptical, (body depth 36-40% of SL), strongly compressed; rear margin of bone under eye concealed by scales; mouth short, ends before eye, with thin lips, not red inside; jaws with a narrow band of slender teeth; chin with 2 front pores plus a longitudinal groove; preopercle finely serrated, lower serrations do not point forwards; 15 short, slender lower gill rakers; dorsal fin without notch, XII, 14-16; anal fin with long base, III, 10-11 2nd spine not much thicker and longer than 3rd; scales over entire body and head except front of snout, lips and chin; body scales without small accessory scales; soft dorsal and anal scaleless; lateral line with 51-57 pored scales; 9-12 rows above and 13-16 below lateral line.

Body blue grey above, silver below; scales above lateral line with brown spots; brown spots on head; rows of brown spots on dorsal fin. Body may also have  two dark stripes, one through eye to base of tail fin, the other along the nape and upper back.

Size: 40 cm, 850 g.

Habitat: demersal on  soft bottoms and low relief hard bottoms, also in brackish water.

Depth: 1-70 m.

Colombia to northeast Brazil.


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  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom only
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Bony fishes
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • All species.
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • All species..
  • Continent only
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 40
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 70