Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Haemulon album, Margate, Margate Grunt

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

pale grey, fins dark
iris white
D XII, 16-17
gill rakers 21-23
scales below LL oblique to body axis

Haemulon album Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1830

Margate, Margate Grunt

Body oblong, compressed; body depth ~39% of SL; head deep, blunt, its upper profile convex on nape then straight to mouth; eye small; rear margin of bone under eye concealed by scales; mouth small to moderate, lips not fleshy; underside of chin with 2 large pores and a central groove; preoperculum finely serrated, without spines; gill rakers 21-23; dorsal fin continuous, with small to moderate notch in middle, XII, 16-17; anal rays III, 7-8, 2nd and 3rd spines similar; tail forked; soft dorsal and anal densely scaled nearly to the edge of the fin; scales rough; scales over entire body and head except front of snout, lips and chin; pectoral fin scaled on base only; lateral-line scales 49-52; scale rows below lateral line oblique to body axis.

Pearly grey to pale olive-green; iris white; inside mouth red; membranes of spiny dorsal white; soft dorsal, anal and tail dusky; black blotch under free margin of preopercle faint or absent.

Size: attains 79 cm.

Habitat: on reefs, hard bottom and nearby soft bottoms.

Depth: 1-60 m.

North Carolina to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Rocks
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
  • Sessile worms
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 79
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 60