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Species: Conodon nobilis, Barred grunt

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elongate
8 dark bars
D XI
preopercle angle: 2 large spines

Conodon nobilis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Barred grunt

Elongate, moderately robust, compressed; eye large; rear margin of bone under eye concealed by scales; chin with a central groove, two pores at front, 2 more in hole behind them; preopercle border concave, strongly serrated, 2 large spines at angle; outer row of teeth on both jaws enlarged; dorsal fin XII, 12-13; anal III, 7-8, second spine much large than third; scales over entire body and head except front of snout, lips and chin; lateral-line scales 50-53, 5 scales above and 11 below lateral line.

Brownish on back, white below, sides with yellow lines; 8 wide blackish bars on upper side usually evident; soft dorsal, anal, and pelvic fins yellow.

Size: grows to about 30 cm.

On soft bottoms, typically in turbid waters.

Depth: 1-100 m, but typically in shallow waters; occasionally in freshwater.

Florida to Brazil.

    


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Salinity
  • Freshwater
  • Marine
  • Brackish
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Extends South of GC
  • Island (s)
  • Continent
  • GC non-endemic
  • Continent + Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 100