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Species: Lutjanus analis, Mutton Snapper

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

iris & fins red
blue lines under eye
spot above LL under soft D: small
juv flank: spot large, ll through lower 1/2; rows blue spots
juv 9-10 wavy yellow stripes
roof mouth tooth patch: V shaped
A 8, end pointed
LL 47-51

Lutjanus analis (Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1828)

Mutton Snapper

Body relatively deep, compressed; front and rear nostrils simple holes; mouth relatively large, top jaw moderately protrusible, slips under cheek bone for most of its length when mouth is closed; one or more rows of pointed conical teeth on jaws, with large canines among outer teeth; patch of teeth on center of roof of mouth V shaped; sides of roof of mouth with 1 pair of tooth patches; 12-13 lower gill rakers; preopercle serrated, lower margin weakly notched; dorsal continuous, often with slight notch behind spiny part, usually X (rarely XI), 14 (occasionally 13); anal III, 8 (rarely 7), fin tip angular in large fish (rounded in fish <4 cm SL), middle rays elongated; tail edge concave to moderately forked; lateral line scales 47-51; body, cheek and operculum scaly; snout, below eye and both jaws scale-less; membranes of soft dorsal and anal fins scaly.

Back and upper sides olive, lower parts whitish with red tinge; upper body of resting fish may have series of narrow pale bars; iris red; a small dark spot just above lateral line below front part of soft dorsal, smaller in larger fish; blue lines and spots below, before and behind eye; fins reddish, especially anal, lower part of tail and plevics; rear edge of tail narrowly black. Juvenile with ~9-10 wavy yellow longitudinal stripes, with pale interspaces bluish white, plus ~6 indistinct dark bars; he lateral line passes through the lower 1/2 of the black flank spot, which is larger than in adults; body has rows of bluish spots.

Reaches 94 cm; 15.6 kg.

Vegetated and sand bottoms, mangroves, around the edges of reefs.

Depth range: 1-168 m.

New England to SE Brazil.

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  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Estuary
  • Freshwater
  • Mangrove
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Near threatened
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 94
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 168