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Species: Pteraclis carolinus, Atlantic fanfish

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D & A expand -> deep fan
upper scale sheath: D base & onto snout

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Pteraclis carolinus Valenciennes, 1833

The fanfish

Head and body compressed, an elongate oval tapering to slender tail base; forehead profile convex; snout short, bluntly rounded; eyes large; between eyes rounded; rear nostril a slit; mouth at front, strongly oblique, the rear of the top jaw wide, exposed and covered with scales; lower edges of bottom jawbone not touching along midline under head; 8 branchiostegal rays;  the single dorsal and anal fins have long bases, similar shapes and sizes; dorsal fin origin on snout; not preceded by scales across the dorsal profile; dorsal and anal fins broadly expanded and sail-like, flexible, completely depressible, when depressed lie in a sheath formed by elongate scales inserted along base of fin, that sheath extending forward onto snout; one front ray of dorsal and anal fins thickened; dorsal fin 48-54; anal fin 42-47; pectoral fin 18-19; tail base without transverse groove; tail fin forked, stiff; scales with small spines; scales at center of end of tail base distinctly larger than those on center of tail fin base.

Body bronzy grey; fins blackish

Reaches 35 cm.

Pelagic, oceanic.

Depth range: 0-400 m.

Both sides of the tropical Atlantic; Bermuda to Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Offshore
  • Offshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Water column only
  • Mid Water
  • Near Surface
Habitat
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Pelagic crustacea
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • All species
  • Transatlantic (East+West Atlantic)
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • GC non-endemic
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 35
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 400