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Species: Eumegistus brevorti, Tropical pomfret

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lower jaws diverge under throat
tail base: no transverse grooves
C edge white
scale keel along belly

Eumegistus brevorti (Poey, 1860)

Tropical pomfret

Head and body compressed, a deep oval tapering to slender tail base; head profiles convex, snout short, bluntly rounded; between eyes strongly rounded; mouth strongly oblique, lower jaw projecting, the rear of the top jaw wide, exposed and covered with scales; lower jaws do not meet along entire centerline underneath head, exposing most  of the central isthmus; 3-4 +6-7 gill rakers; the single dorsal and anal fins have long bases, similar shapes  I-III spines; dorsal originates behind pectoral base, low with distinct lobe at front; anal low, without front lobe; dorsal fin 29-33; anal fin 20-24; pectoral 17-21, low on body, long, reaches to anal fin; pelvics small, inserted under rear of pectoral base; tail base without transverse groove before tail fin;  tail strongly concave, with a central rounded lobe that is larger in smaller fish; scales small, cover body, nape, cheeks, operculum, and top jaw; dorsal & anal fins scaly; scales on body smooth, with a central soft keel, those on center of tail base with a strong, forward pointing spine in young adults; lateral scales 47-57; scales abruptly change size between tail base and tail fin, those on tail fin smaller;  keel of scales along belly centerline; dorsal and anal fin rays with scales.

Head, body and fins dark grey to blackish; dorsal and anal fins with white front-lobe tips, best developed in smaller fish; tail fin with lobe tips and rear edge  white, although the central lobe is black in smaller fish.

Reaches ~68 cm TL.

On and above the bottom in deep water.

Depth range: 190-1317 m.

West Atlantic (although larvae known from the E Atlantic); S Florida to northern Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Offshore Only
  • Offshore
Water Column Position
  • Near Bottom
  • Water column only
  • Mid Water
Habitat
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
  • Bathypelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Bony fishes
  • Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • Transatlantic (East+West Atlantic)
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Extends South of GC
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Island (s)
  • GC non-endemic
  • Also in Brazil
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 68
Depth Range Min
  • 190
Depth Range Max
  • 1317