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Species: Brama brama, Atlantic pomfret

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

D 36
A 31
gill rakers 15-18
pectoral 22, black at front, clear behind
70-80 lateral scales

Brama brama (Bonnaterre, 1788)

Atlantic pomfret

Head and body compressed, an elongate oval tapering to slender tail base; body relatively deep (depth 51-58% of SL); head profile convex, snout short, bluntly rounded; mouth strongly oblique, lower jaw projecting, the rear of the top jaw wide, exposed and covered with scales; between eyes strongly rounded; 15-18 gill rakers; the single dorsal and anal fins have long bases, similar shapes and sizes, I-III spines; dorsal originates over pectoral, low, with a low lobe at front, 35-38 (usually 36) rays; anal low, with almost no lobe at front, 29-32 (usually 31) rays; pectoral low on body, long, reaches nearly to middle of anal fin, 20-23 (usually 22) rays; pelvics small, (<25% SL), inserted relatively low on flank under rear of pectoral base;  tail base without transverse groove before tail fin; tail deeply concave; scales small, cover body, nape, cheeks, operculum, and top jaw; dorsal & anal fins scaly; scales on tail base and tail fin intergrade smoothly in size; no keel of scales along belly; 70-80 lateral scales.

Body and median fins dark grey, with metallic silver scales; unscaled tip of snout black; lining of mouth black; pectoral black at front, clear behind; protruding  rays of other fins black; tail fin lobes black.

Size: 100 cm.

Habitat: oceanic pelagic, occasionally close to shore.

Depth: 0-1000 m.

Atlantic, Indian oceans, and the S & N Pacific; New York to Argentina.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Surface
  • Near Surface
  • Mid Water
Habitat
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathypelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Pelagic crustacea
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • GC non-endemic
  • Also in Brazil
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • Continent
  • Island (s)
  • Continent + Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 100
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 1000