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Species: Seriola dumerili, Greater Amberjack

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

oblique bar: eye to D1
D VII + I, 29-34; D2 lobe & lt; 15% FL
juv bars: 5 double +, 6th on tail base, NOT onto D
top jaw: top bone wide, corner round
gill rakers: 18-24 small fish, 11-19 large
A base 59-71% D2 base

Seriola dumerili (Risso, 1810)

Greater Amberjack

Elongate, fusiform, compressed; snout long, pointed; bone on top of rear of top jaw broad, with rounded tip, reaching to under middle of eye; gill rakers (excluding rudiments) 18-24 in juveniles <20 cm FL, 11-19 in larger fish; dorsal fin VII (last imbedded in large fish) + I, 29-34; anal rays II (reduced or completely embedded in large fish) + I, 18-22, its base much shorter than (59-71% of ) soft dorsal base; 2nd dorsal and anal fin lobes low (dorsal <15% fork length); no finlets after 2nd dorsal and anal fins; pectoral short (< head length); tail base slender; tail strongly forked; grooves present on dorsal and ventral surface of caudal fin base, but no lateral fleshy keel; lateral line with slight arch over pectoral region; no scutes (hard spiny scales) on lateral line.

Blue grey to olive above, silvery below; usually an oblique dark band from eye to origin of dorsal fin; often an amber stripe from eye along flank; tail fin dark, narrow lighter rear border, lower tip often light or white. Juveniles (up to 20 cm) with 6 dark bars on the body that are irregularly split vertically, & that do not extend onto dorsal and anal fins.

Size: attains 190 cm, 80.6 Kg.

Habitat: pelagic and near bottom; often around dropoffs.

Depth: 3- 385 m; large fish usually 18-72 m.

Indo-central Pacific and both sides of the Atlantic; Nova Scotia to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Mid Water
  • Near Bottom
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Water column
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 190
Depth Range Min
  • 3
Depth Range Max
  • 385