Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

Español  Contact

Species: Selene brownii, Caribbean moonfish, Full moonfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

body v deep (depth at D2 origin 61-66% SL)
forehead profile: concave before eyes, top round
D & A lobes slightly/not elongate
gill rakers 31-34
juv: black spot over straight part LL

Selene brownii (Cuvier, 1816)

Full moonfish, Caribbean moonfish

Body short, very deep in adults, depth at 2nd dorsal origin 61-66% of fork length, extremely compressed; lower profile more convex than upper profile; head profile very steep, rounded at top and concave before eyes; snout blunt, lower jaw protruding; gill rakers 31-34 (30-36); dorsal fin VIII (1st 4 spines filamentous in juveniles, with 2nd spine ~= body depth) + I, 21-23, front lobe slightly elongated; anal fin II (in juveniles only) + I, 17-19; pelvic fins very small; no finlets after 2nd dorsal and anal fins; pectoral long, curved; tail base slender; tail strongly forked; straight part of lateral line with poorly developed, small scutes (hard spiny scales); scales very small, imbedded in skin, body appears scaleless.

Silvery; a faint dark spot on edge of operculum, another on top of tail base; small juveniles with an oval black spot over straight part of lateral line.

Reaches 29 cm.

Marine, demersal, on the continental shelf.

Depth: 1- 55 m?

Cuba to Brazil.


High Resolution Map Download

Species Data Create Report Export as Word File Export as Excel File
Salinity
  • Marine
  • Brackish
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom + water column
  • Bottom
  • Near Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Water column
  • Sand & gravel
  • Estuary
  • Beach
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Zooplankton
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • GC non-endemic
  • Continent
  • Also in Brazil
  • Island (s)
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 29
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 55