Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Pseudocaranx dentex, Thicklipped Jack, White Trevally

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

elongate oval
rear flank - yellow stripe, fins yellow
operculum - black spot
D & A: no finlets behind
lips fleshy, with papillae, top lip projects
LL: straight part with scutes

Pseudocaranx dentex (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

White Trevally, Thicklipped Jack

Body an elongate oval, moderately compressed in adults; upper and lower profiles similar; eye small; both jaws with a single row of blunt conical teeth, top jaw sometimes with an inner row of conical teeth at front; lips notably fleshy and covered with papillae, top lip projects beyond lower lip; top jaw not reaching under eye; 34-42 gill rakers; dorsal fin VIII + I, 25-27, spines of 1st dorsal long, longer than rays of 2nd dorsal; anal fin II + I, 21-26; last dorsal and anal rays longer than preceding rays and more widely separated; dorsal and anal fins not followed by finlets; pectoral fin longer than head; tail base slender; tail strongly forked; rear part (but not curved front part) of lateral line with 2-27 front scales + 16-31 rear scutes (large, hard spiny scales).

Pale blue-green above, silvery below; a yellow stripe along rear side (better developed in young), widening at rear; a yellow stripe along bases of soft dorsal and anal fins; tail dusky yellow; a prominent small black spot at upper rear edge of operculum.

Reaches 122 cm; 18.1 kg.

Bentho-pelagic, nearshore.

Depth range: 0-238 m.

Indo-central Pacific and both sides of the Atlantic; antitropical; Georgia to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Mid Water
  • Near Bottom
  • Near Surface
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Water column
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 122
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 238