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Species: Caranx latus, Horse-eye Jack

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

eye large
D lobe black
rear LL scutes black
C yellow
LL scutes 32-39

Caranx latus Agassiz in Spix & Agassiz, 1831

Horse-eye Jack

Body moderately compressed in adults; eye large; top jaw reaching to under rear edge of eye; top jaw with an outer row of strong canines and an inner band of fine teeth; lower jaw with one row of teeth; 16-18 lower gill rakers; margin of body at rear of gill chamber without papillae; pectoral fins longer than head; dorsal (VIII + I, 19-22) and anal (II+I, 16-18), front lobes of both fins distinctly raised; no finlets after 2nd dorsal and anal fins; tail base slender; tail strongly forked; straight rear part (but not curved front part) of lateral line with 32-39 scutes (large, hard spiny scales); tail base with a pair of keels on each side.

Body dark blue to bluish-grey above, silvery white to golden below; dorsal fin lobe black; rear lateral-line scutes may be dark to black; tail fin yellow; sometimes an indistinct dark spot on the corner of the operculum, and a dark smudge on the lower pectoral fin; juveniles with ~5 dark bars on body.

Reaches 101 cm, 13.4 kg, to 13 years.

Over soft and seagrass bottoms, also round reefs; in brackish water and enters freshwater.

Depth range: 0-151 m.

Both sides of the Atlantic; New Jersey to central Brazil.

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  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Mid Water
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Sand & gravel
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Water column
  • Estuary
  • Freshwater
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • Transatlantic (East+West Atlantic)
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 101
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 151