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Species: Caranx bartholomaei, Yellow Jack

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body plain, yellowish; fins yellow
18-21 lower gill rakers

Caranx bartholomaei (Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1833)

Yellow Jack

Body elongate, moderately deep, moderately compressed in adults; top jaw not reaching under eye; both jaws with a band of small simple teeth; 18-21 lower gill rakers; pectoral fins longer than head; dorsal fin (VII + I, 25-28); anal fin (II+I, 21-24); front lobes of both dorsal and anal fins slightly raised; no finlets after 2nd dorsal and anal fins; tail base slender; tail strongly forked; straight rear part (but not curved front part) of lateral line with 25-28 scutes (large, hard spiny scales); tail base with a pair of keels on each side.

Silvery, with a yellow cast; fins yellow; juvenile with a dark bar through eye to mouth.

Reaches 100 cm.

Found around the edges of reefs and over soft and seagrass bottoms; juveniles in mangroves.

Depth range: 0-104 m.

Massachusetts to Brazil. Also in the Gulf of Guinea, W Africa.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Mid Water
  • Near Bottom
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Sand & gravel
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Water column
  • Estuary
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 100
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 104