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Species: Apogon gouldi, Deepwater Cardinalfish

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red; dark wedge under D2
tail base: broad dark bar
dark: front tips -D2 & A: C tips
bands of simple teeth, no canines

Apogon gouldi Smith-Vaniz, 1977

Deepwater Cardinalfish

Body oblong, compressed; head large, snout short; eye large; moderately large oblique mouth that opens at the front; top jaw wide, partly concealed when mouth is closed, scaleless; jaws with bands of small teeth, no canines; front and sides of roof of mouth with a band of small teeth; preopercle serrated, lower membranous flap not extending beyond edge of preoperculum; 11-12 lower gill rakers; dorsal fin VI + I, 9; anal fin II, 8; inner pelvic ray mostly not attached to body; pectoral 12; tail fin slightly concave; body scales rough, same size as lateral line scales; 3-8 scales present on center of nape before dorsal fin; lateral line complete, extends onto base of tail fin.

Head and body reddish; a diffuse broad dark wedge-shaped bar under 2nd dorsal fin, a diffuse broad dark bar on rear of tail base; tips of front rays of 2nd dorsal, of front anal rays and tail lobes dusky.

Reaches 10.4 cm.


Depth: 55-262 m.

Bermuda to the S Caribbean.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Mid Water
  • Near Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Water column
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Brooded
  • Data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 10.4
Depth Range Min
  • 55
Depth Range Max
  • 262