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Species: Zapogon evermanni, Oddscale cardinalfish

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black stripe: snout through eye to over pectoral base
end D base: black spot before white spot
stomach and intestine black
LL scales > body scales

Zapogon evermanni (Jordan & Snyder, 1904)

Oddscale cardinalfish

Body oblong, compressed; head large, snout short; eye large; moderately large oblique mouth that opens at the front; top jaw wide, partly concealed when mouth is closed, scaleless; jaws with bands of small teeth, no canines; front and sides of roof of mouth with a band of small teeth; preopercle serrated, lower membranous flap not extending beyond edge of preoperculum; 4-6 + 15-17 gill rakers; dorsal fin VI + I, 9; anal fin II, 8; inner pelvic ray mostly not attached to body; pectoral 12;  tail fin slightly concave; body scales rough, smaller than lateral line scales;  24 lateral line scales; 10-12 scales present on center of nape before dorsal fin; lateral line complete, extends onto base of tail fin.

Red; often 3 pale bars on body- between 2 dorsal fins, just behind 2nd dorsal fin and middle of tail base; a dark red-brown stripe from snout through eye and across operculum; a black spot with a white spot immediately behind it at end of base of 2nd dorsal fin; stomach and intestine black.

Reaches 15 cm.


Depth: 3-250 m.

Indo-central Pacific and E and W Atlantic; the Bahamas to the S Caribbean.


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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Bottom + water column
  • Bottom
  • Near Bottom
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef only
  • Water column
  • Rocks
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Data
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Brooded
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
  • All species.
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • All species..
  • Continent
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 15
Depth Range Min
  • 3
Depth Range Max
  • 250