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Species: Pristigenys alta, Short Bigeye

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black edges to fins
D center spines longest, 11
preopercle edge - scaly, no spine

Pristigenys alta (Gill, 1862)

Short Bigeye

Body deep, robust, broadly oval, thick; a large, upturned, oblique mouth with a projecting lower jaw; no spines on the head; preopercle without spine in adults; fin spines with tiny spines; dorsal fin X (middle spines longest), 10-12 (usually 11), anal III, 10; pectoral 16-19; tail rounded; pelvics of moderate length, inserted under pectoral base, broadly fused to belly; scales very rough, extremely so on head, present on rear of preopercle, large on body (36-51 on lateral line); 9-13 rows above lateral line,

Dark red on body, head and fins; iris red or silvery; black margins on soft dorsal, anal fin and tail; posterior 1/3 of pelvics black.

Size: 33 cm.

Habitat: Found near rocky outcrops.

Depth: 5–300 m.

North Carolina south to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 33
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Depth Range Max
  • 300