Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Lonchopisthus lemur, Ghost jawfish, Palemouth jawfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

D&A 12
C: 12 branched rays
membrane between jaws: pale
under end top jaw: blunt notch
pelvics short
longitudinal scales 26-33

Lonchopisthus lemur (Myers, 1935)

Ghost jawfish

Elongate, compressed, tapering body; large bulbous head, eye large, high on side of head; mouth opens at front, large, extends to rear of eye; top jaw with rear end concave, a blunt notch on underside at rear;  gill rakers 12-17 + 26-28; dorsal and anal fins with long bases; dorsal fin X-XI, 12 (11-12); anal fin III, 12 (10-12); pectoral 19-21; pelvics short (16-30% of SL), I, 5, outer 2 rays stout and unbranched, inner 3 rays weaker and branched, fin base before the pectoral; tail fin much longer than head, sharply pointed, 12 (8-13) branched rays, no elongated free central fin rays; 26-33 longitudinal scale rows along body; cheeks scaly, rest of head scaleless; lateral line on front half of body only, high.

Preserved fish: yellow-brown, snout to nape dark; fins dark but not black; pelvics blackish; inner membrane connecting top and bottom jaws at rear of mouth pale.

Reaches 11.4 cm.

Lives on muddy bottoms.

Depth range: 64-375 m, usually below 200 m.

The Bahamas to Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom only
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Mud
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Zooplankton
  • Data
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Brooded
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • All species.
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • All species..
  • Island (s)
  • GC non-endemic
  • Extends South of GC
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 11.4
Depth Range Min
  • 64
Depth Range Max
  • 375