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Species: Lipogramma regia, Royal Basslet

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head yellow + blue stripes
body - 6 blue & yellow bars
end D base: large ocellus

Lipogramma regia Robins & Colin, 1979

Royal Basslet

Elongate, compressed body; eye large, snout short; mouth at front; teeth on jaws, front and sides of roof of mouth; preopercle edge smooth; opercle with a flat projection; gill rakers long 14; dorsal fin XII, 9; anal fin III, 8; pectorals rounded, 15; pelvics I, 5, with 1st ray elongated, reaching past anal fin base; tail fin slightly forked, with rounded tips; 3 short, thick and spiny rays on upper and lower base of tail fin; no lateral line; 25-29 lateral scales.

Head yellow-orange to yellow, with blue stripes – from eye to snout, 1 between rear of eyes, 3 back from eye across cheek and operculum; iris gold, eye ringed with blue; body with a series of 6 blue bars alternating with orange to yellow bars – 1 under origin of dorsal fin, 1 under middle of spiny dorsal, 1 under end of spiny dorsal, and 4 behind that; white between 1st pair of bars; an eye-sized blue-ringed black ocellus at lower rear of dorsal fin and extending onto upper body; basal ½ of dorsal and anal fins dark, margin of each fin dark, with an orange to yellow stripe under it; tail fin pale, with the last dark body bar extending onto its base; pelvics with blue rays.

Reaches 2.5 cm.

Lives on deep reefs.

Depth range: 45-116 m.

Gulf of Mexico to the NW and NE Caribbean.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Bivalves & sea cucumbers
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 2.5
Depth Range Min
  • 45
Depth Range Max
  • 116