Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Serranus luciopercanus, Crosshatch Bass

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

white + 2 black stripes & elongate black blotches
front D: large black blotch
C forked, clear + black top & bottom margins
opercule: central spine large, curves up

Serranus luciopercanus Poey, 1852

Crosshatch Bass

Body elongate, moderately compressed; snout long, 12-14% of SL; lower jaw strongly projecting; rear of top jaw exposed when mouth closed, without accessory bone above it; 3 opercular spines well developed, middle spine enlarged, upcurved; preopercle regularly serrated, no spur with enlarged spines; gill rakers 20-24; dorsal fin X, 11-12 spiny part high, 4th spine longest; anal fin III, 7; pelvics inserted before pectoral base; pectoral fin 14; tail fin forked, upper lobe longer, 13-15 branched rays; scales rough, relatively large, 8-10 rows of scales on cheek; 50-55 pored lateral line scales; top of head without scales.

Head grey above, whitish below, body whitish; an irregular black stripe along lower side from mouth to lower edge of tail fin; another irregular, broken stripe from snout, through eye, along flank to upper tail fin base, that stripe grey-brown on head, black on body; elongate dark blotches above the mid-body stripe, on head and under the spiny dorsal; elongate black saddles under dorsal fin, the front one extending onto front of dorsal fin as a large black blotch; tail fin with narrowly black lobes and a clear center; pelvics white, anal and soft dorsal translucent.

Reaches 15 cm.

On reefs.

Depth range: 60-300 m.

The Bahamas to the S Caribbean.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC endemic
  • Insular primarily
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 15
Depth Range Min
  • 60
Depth Range Max
  • 300