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Species: Serranus chionaraia, Snow Bass

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

red-brown, belly - large bright white blotch
head - wiggly blue stripes
C top & bottom margins: row brown spots

Serranus chionaraia Robins & Starck, 1961

Snow Bass

Body elongate, moderately compressed; snout shorter than eye; rear of top jaw exposed when mouth closed, without accessory bone above it; 3 opercular spines well developed, middle spine large and straight; preopercle regularly serrated, no spur with enlarged spines; gill rakers 14-18; dorsal fin X,10; anal fin III, 7; pelvics inserted before pectoral base; pectoral fin 13-14; tail with slightly concave edge, 13-15 branched rays; scales very rough, relatively large, 6-7 rows of scales on cheek; 45-47 pored lateral line scales; top of head without scales.

Head and upper body brown, that color merging into short irregular bars on upper back, longer bars on tail base; head with several irregular blue stripes; belly with a large bright white blotch; upper and lower edges of tail fin with a row of dark spots; spiny dorsal fin with black outer membranes, and a brown central stripe.

Reaches 6.5 cm.

Reef associated - rocky areas with sand & rubble.

Depth range: 5-93 m.

Florida to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Rocks
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Bivalves & sea cucumbers
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 6.5
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Depth Range Max
  • 93