Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Pronotogrammus martinicensis, Roughtongue Bass

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

head yellow stripes, body pink + dark bar, edges D
C concave
roof mouth - central tooth patch elongate at rear
tongue - oval tooth patch

Pronotogrammus martinicensis (Guichenot, 1868)

Roughtongue Bass

Body an elongate oblong, strongly compressed; head short, strongly compressed; eye large; mouth moderately oblique, lower jaw projecting, rear of top jaw exposed when mouth closed, without accessory bone above it; large oval patch of granular teeth on tongue; tooth patch at center of roof of mouth with well developed rear prolongation; preoperculum finely serrated on rear and lower margins; 36-43 long gill rakers; dorsal fin X spines, 1st 2 short, 3rd elongated, 13-16; pectorals 16-18, long, reaches post origin of anal fin; pelvic inserted slightly before base of pectoral; tail concave, with pointed tips; scales moderate sized, 35-41 on lateral line, 2-3 rows of large scales between 5th dorsal spine and lateral line; head and jaws fully scaled.

Body and fins reddish to pale orange; a yellow stripe under eye to operculum, sometimes two yellow stripes behind eye; body with yellowish stripes and a yellow to yellow-brown long, V shaped bar under the middle of the spiny dorsal; dorsal fin with red base, yellow center, blue edge; tail fin yellow, with red marks, blue tips; anal and pelvic fins yellow, with blue edge.

Size: to 24 cm.

Habitat: associates with deep coral reefs.

Depth: 35-900 m.

North Carolina to southern Brazil.

Note: a record at a depth of 914 m evidently is due to a cataloging error.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Water column
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 24
Depth Range Min
  • 35
Depth Range Max
  • 900