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Species: Parasphyraenops atrimanus, Black Handed Bass

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D deep notch; spines II-V: dark blotch
top jaw covered
+ teeth
operculum - central spine curves up
inner base pectoral: dark blotch
A 6

Parasphyraenops atrimanus Bean, 1912

Black Handed Bass

Body elongate, cigar shaped, depth 21% of SL; head bluntly pointed; snout short, 6% of SL; bone under eye flexible, with a large hooked flange that completely covers top jaw when mouth is closed; mouth protrusible; jaws with 1 row of minute, fixed teeth; no teeth on roof of mouth; gill rakers long, 28; operculum with 3 spines, middle spine curved up; dorsal fin X, 10, deeply notched between spiny and soft parts; anal fin III, 6; scales rough, covering body, operculum and cheek.

Preserved fish pale yellowish brown; a large black blotch on lower ½ of dorsal fin between spines II-V; a dark blotch inside base of pectoral fin.

At least 10 cm.

On reefs.

Depth range: 25-79 m.

Known only from Bermuda and Venezuela.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 10
Depth Range Min
  • 25
Depth Range Max
  • 79