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Species: Mycteroperca cidi, Venezuelan grouper

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stripes back from eye; body - pale spots
preopercle notched
C rays extended in adult
lower gill rakers 18-23
D end angular
A end pointed

Mycteroperca cidi Cervigón, 1966

Venezuelan grouper

Body elongate, robust, compressed, depth at dorsal origin not greater than at anal origin; snout much longer than eye; in adult rear nostril distinctly larger than front nostril; lower jaw projecting; rear of top jaw exposed when mouth closed, without accessory bone above it; teeth depressible; canines at front of jaws; preopercle serrated, with a distinct lobe bearing larger serrae at corner; gill rakers, including rudiments, 9-13 + 18-23; dorsal fin with XI spines, indented between spines, 15-17 rays, rear edge angular in adult, with rays 9-11 elongated and uneven; anal fin with III spines, 10-12 rays, rays 4-6 elongated, lower rear edge pointed in adult; tail fin slightly concave; 75 scales on lateral line.

Adult: head and body grayish to pale brown, with a greenish tint, both with pale spots and blotches on upper parts; head with several dark stripes running back from eye to across operculum; soft dorsal and soft anal dark, with a thin white edge and a broad dark edge below that; pectoral yellow-grey; tail fin with a thin white rear edge and a dark bar in from that. Juvenile: greenish brown with irregular brown spots.

Reaches 114 cm.

Found on reefs and soft coral fields.

Depth range: 5-160 m, adults usually at > 80 m.

Colombia to Venezuela, rarely Jamaica.

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  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Estuary
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Rocks
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Corals
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Data
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species.
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continental primarily
  • Extends South of GC
  • Island (s)
  • GC non-endemic
  • Also in Brazil
  • All species..
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 114
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Depth Range Max
  • 160