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Species: Baldwinella vivanus, Red barbier

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

body orange to pink
cheek: 2 yellow stripes
D several spines with long filaments, 14 rays
C deeply forked
male: A yellow, pelvics red, D & C mauve

Baldwinella vivanus (Jordan & Swain, 1885)

Red barbier

Body elongate, compressed, oval; head pointed, short, compressed; eye large; mouth strongly oblique; rear of top jaw exposed when mouth closed, without accessory bone above it; canine teeth at front of mouth; teeth on center and sides of roof of mouth; preopercle margin serrated above and below, 1- several longer spines at lower corner; 38-43 gill rakers; dorsal fin with X, 13-14, third spine longest, all spines with filaments, those of 3rd-5th spines long and filamentous, at least in adults; anal fin III, 8-9; pelvics inserted under base of pectoral; pelvics long, passing origin of anal fin, 24-38% of SL; pectorals 16-21; tail fin deeply forked, lobes with long filaments; scales small, rough, 44-53 on lateral line, 7-8 rows between 5th dorsal fin and lateral line; both jaws and most of snout and area between eyes scaleless.

Reddish pink head and upper body, lower body whitish; two oblique yellow stripes on cheek and opercle, 1 under eye, the other through the eye; dorsal fin pink in female, mauve in male; tail fin pink with yellow lobes in female, mauve lobes in male; anal yellow in male, mottled with blue and olive in female; pelvics pink in female, deep red in male.

Size: grows to 25 cm.

Inhabits deep reefs; often in large schools.

Depth: 20-610 m.

New Jersey to Brazil.

Note: Recently moved from the genus, Hemanthias.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Rocks
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef only
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
Global Endemism
  • All species.
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Extends South of GC
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Continent only
  • All species..
  • Also in Brazil
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Temperate (>35N)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 25
Depth Range Min
  • 20
Depth Range Max
  • 610