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Species: Hyporthodus drummondhayi, Speckled hind

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

dark + dense small pearl spots
juv: yellow + dense small blue spots
C: straight/slightly concave

Hyporthodus drummondhayi (Goode & Bean, 1878)

Speckled hind

Body robust, compressed, deepest at origin of dorsal fin, depth about = head length; rear of top jaw exposed when mouth closed, without bony knob at lower rear corner; teeth depressible; sides of roof of mouth with teeth; operculum edge with 3 flat spines; preoperculum serrate, with larger serrate at angle; 26-28 gill rakers; dorsal fin XI, membrane deeply indented between spines, spines III-IV longest, 15-16, length of base of soft part not longer than that of spiny part; anal fin III, 9; pectoral 18; origin of pelvic under rear edge of pectoral base, fin shorter than pectoral; tail straight to slightly concave; body scales smooth, 72-76 on lateral line.

Adult: head and body dark reddish brown to grey, densely covered with small pearly spots, spots  may merge to form a network pattern in large fish; outer part of pectoral yellowish. Juveniles bright yellow, covered with small blue-white spots.

Reaches 110 cm, 30 kg.

Lives on reefs.

Depth range: 25-183 m, adults usually 60-120 m.

N Carolina through the Gulf of Mexico.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Rocks
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef only
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • GC endemic
  • Continental primarily
  • Continent
  • Island (s)
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends North of GC
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Critically endangered
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 110
Depth Range Min
  • 25
Depth Range Max
  • 183